The Mortality Schedules – In 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 census enumerators were directed to secure in addition to the usually
required census data, information as to all persons dying within the 12 months preceding the census taking. These lists became
known as the “Mortality Schedules”.
Mortality schedules record deaths in the year preceding the taking of the census. For example, the 1860 mortality schedules include persons who died between June 1, 1859 and May 31, 1860. For each person, the following information is listed: name, age, sex, marital status if married or widowed, state or country of birth, month of death, occupation, cause of death, and the length of the final illness. This database contains U.S. federal non-population schedules from 1850-1880 for the following states: California, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, and Washington Territory.
n some cases it may be the only record of a person’s existence. This information was collected in the censuses of 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1885.