Search Adoption Records

Special Needs Adoptions throughout History

Like trans racial adoption, the placement of children with special needs has a controversial adoption history. Prior to World War II, adoption professionals and agencies usually ruled out the possibility of adoption for children with special needs. The popularity of “eugenics” at the time didn’t help; traditional views assumed that only white, healthy children were suitable to be adopted. While there were exceptions, many adoptive parents wanted children that would measure up to their own expectations for intelligence, background, appearance and behavior.

However, by the 1960s, adoption agencies had gathered resources specifically for special needs placements. Organizations were created that advocated for these “waiting” children (typically housed in foster care), who could be characterized as having special needs because of disabilities or other reasons, including their race or being a member of a sibling group. The increase in education and available resources, as well as the growing celebration of the differences and diversity of adoption, made special needs adoption more acceptable, especially for waiting families who wanted to be placed with a child quickly.

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Special Needs Adoption is adoption of kids with some disabilities. After 1960s, the adoption agencies launched an awareness campaign on the adoption of special needs children. New organizations came up to address the issues of children with special needs. Thanks to the development of tools for educating specially challenged kids, adoption of special needs children suddenly became not only more and more acceptable but also an event to celebrate.

However, adoption of special needs children before 1960 was marked by apartheid and other issues. World War II had a lasting impression even on the adoption. The prevailing philosophy was that only white, healthy children were suitable to be adopted. Situation changes slowly.

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Adoption in USA

Adoptions in the United States may be either domestic or from another country. Domestic adoptions can be arranged either through a state agency, an adoption agency, or independently

Adoption agencies must be licensed by the state in which they operate. The U.S. government maintains a website, Child Welfare Information Gateway, which lists each state’s licensed agencies. There are both private and public adoption agencies. Private adoption agencies often focus on infant adoptions, while public adoption agencies typically help find homes for waiting children, many of them presently in foster care and in need of a permanent loving home. To assist in the adoption of waiting children, there is a U.S. government-affiliated websites.

Independent adoptions are usually arranged by attorneys and typically involve newborn children. Approximately 55% of all U.S. newborn adoptions are completed via independent adoption.

In US adoption is of two categories – domestic and from another country. Besides, individual can also move for adoption independently.

Adoption agencies must have a licence to operate in United States. The Child Welfare Information Gateway, the US govt.’s website, has complete lists of such licenced agencies – both private and public. The private adoption agencies mainly look after adoptions of infants, while public agencies help ‘waiting children’ to find new home. Most of these waiting children remain in foster care till they find their new home. US government-affiliated websites has the exhaustive list of waiting children.

The final process of independent adoption is initiated by an attorney. Independent adoption comprises 55 per cent of all US new born adoptions.

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Birth Index from 1926 to 1995 Texas Births, 1926 – 1995 10000+

Birth Index from 1911 to 1999 Kentucky Births, 1911 – 1999 10000+

Laws of US Adoption

While adoption is mostly a matter of state law, there is a limited amount of federal law relevant to adoption.

Federal Constitutional Law

Under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, the Supreme Court has held that natural parents have a fundamental liberty interest in the care, custody, and management of their children. In light of this, decisions in state proceedings to terminate parental rights must be based on clear and convincing evidence; findings based on a preponderance of the evidence standard are insufficient.

Under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, the Supreme Court found unconstitutional a state law that differentiated between the unwed mother and the unwed father of an illegitimate child with respect to their right to consent to the child’s adoption, where the father had shown a significant paternal interest in the child.  The Court ruled that there was no substantial relationship between the law’s gender-based discrimination and the state’s interest of providing for the well-being of illegitimate children, and therefore the discrimination was impermissible under the Equal Protection Clause.

Marriage Data from 1727 to 1900 New Mexico, Compiled Marriage Index, 1727-1900 3987

Birth Index from 1866 to 1884 Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1866-84 10000+

Census Index of 1870 1870 United States Federal Census 10000+

Birth Data from 1900 to 1934 Minnesota, Birth Index, 1900-1934 10000+
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Michigan, Death Index, 1971-1996

Michigan, Death Index, 1971-1996

Beginning April 5, 1867, the State of Michigan required cities and townships to take an annual assessment of births and deaths. Statewide registration of marriages also started in 1867. Michigan instituted a statewide divorce registration in 1897. Michigan Death Index covers the years from 1971 to 1996, making this database of particular interest to those with relatives from Michigan. Each entry includes the following information: the full name of the decedent, gender, birth and death dates, the state, county and town of residence at time of death, and a link to order a copy of the original record.

  • Michigan Death Records, 1867-1897 index plus scanned images from the death ledgers (free)
  • Michigan Death Records, 1897-1952 from Seeking Michigan includes scanned images of the death certificates from 1897-1941; 1942-1952 is index only (free)
  • Michigan Death Records, 1867-1950 includes scanned death registers from 1867-1897; and scanned death certificates from 1897-1941; 1942-1950 is index only.

Michigan, Death Index, 1971-1996

To obtain additional Michigan vital records:

  • Contact the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Vital Records and Health Statistics, Vital Records Requests, P.O. Box 30721, Lansing MI 48909, or call 517-335-8666.

RESOURCES & COLLECTIONS

Death Collections

Marriages of Sumner County,Tennessee, 1787-1838

The marriages abstracted here derive instead from original bonds and unrecorded licenses found amongst loose papers in the courthouse in Gallatin. For this reason, and for reasons that are manifest in the nature of the records themselves, this work assumes an importance of awesome dimensions.

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Tennessee State Marriages (1780-2002)An index to around 2.8 million marriage licences, applications certificates and bonds. The index can be used to locate original records.

Tennessee Marriages (1796-1950)An index of 1.67 million marriages including the names of the bride and groom and the date and place of marriage. The index can be used to order copies of original records, which may contain further details.

Marriages of Sumner County,Tennessee, 1787-1838

Or Click here :

http://www.searchmypast.net/search/marriages-of-sumner-countytennessee-1787-1838/

Other Collections – Marriage :

Pettis County, Missouri, Cemetery Index, 1812-1953

These cemetery records contain the name of the deceased, relatives, birth date, death date, etc., as well as age, when given. You may also find notes on some of the graveyards listed. The database includes more than 1,800 entries.

Pettis County, Missouri, Cemetery Index, 1812-1953

Bryant, Finney, b. Jan 30 1899, d. Dec 1 1918 Bryant, Finney J.; Jan 30, 1899 – Dec 1, 1918

Bryant, Finney Rataford; 24 Apr 1862 – 26 Aug 1940 h/o Hannah (Freeland)

Bryant, Frank Edgar; 5 Apr 1889 – 6 Dec 1941
Bryant, Hannah Wise, b. Aug 1861, d. 2 May 19271
Bryant, Herbert Eldon, b. 1917, d. 1958
Infant son of James Harvey Bryant and Bessie Hannah Hood; b. 18 Mar 1916; d. 19 Apr 1916—SEE OMER RAYMOND BRYANT
Bryant, James Harvey, d. Aug 25 1951, age 59Yrs 10Mo 13Da—born 15 Nov 1894
Bryant, Jerry L. 1953 1972
Bryant, Lettie B, b. 1887, d. 1957
Bryant, Lottie Belle McFatrich; 20 Mar 1887 – 21 Nov 1957 (mortuary marker) Bryant, Myrtie May Shull, w/o Ed, b. May 13 1892, d. Dec 9 1935—died in Dec

1934 according to MO Death Index
MO D CERT: Myrtle May Shull Bryant 13 May 1892 – 9 Dec 1934 w/o E D

cemeteryrec-search

1 Missouri Death Certificate gives birth year as 1862.

In 2002, the DAR produced A Location Index for Missouri Cemeteries. Edited by F. Susan Brown Biggs and Shirley M. Brown, the index is in two volumes and was published Dogwood Printing, Inc., in Ozark, MO. All DAR entries are in red. (A copy of this two-volume work is located at the Saint Louis Public Library and at the Jefferson County (MO) Library) For those living in the Sedalia area, this book is at Boonslick Regional Library and Marshall Public Library.

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Marriage Records from 1966 to 1969

Marriage records are great sources for genealogists because they document an individual in a particular place and time as well as provide details about that person’s marriage and establish important family relationships. Marriage records in this database from the Center for Health Statistics are linked to corresponding images of the index on which the marriage is recorded. Be sure to view these images as additional information, such as a marriage certificate number, may be found there, which may help you in obtaining a copy of the original marriage record. Marriage may be a sacrament. It is is none the less a civil contract. This is the established doctrine of the Republic. It ought to be so regarded in this Territory.

Marriage Records from 1966 to 1969

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You can get a certificate — which is an official document — or a printout, which is a typed or handwritten copy of the information. A printout can be sent to you by email, but a certificate must be posted, or given to you in person if you order it at a Births, Deaths and Marriages office.

Other Collections:

You can search the Orleans Parish Marriage Records Index Database and order certified copies of marriage licenses for marriages that took place in Orleans Parish more than 50 years from the end of the current calendar year. Photocopies of marriage licenses are delivered by mail for $5 each, and certified copies are delivered by mail for $10 each.